CHAPTER IV. —THE APOSTOLIC FATHERS
of what has now been said about the Epistle of Barnabas applies also in substance to the work which has been called the Shepherd of Hermas. It is utterly unworthy of being ascribed, as it has often been, to the Hermas who is mentioned in Paul’s epistles, or to any man who was a companion of the apostles, although, from the references made to it, not only by Clemens Alexandrinus, and Origen, but also by Irenaeus, who lived before them, it must have been written before the middle of the second century, and, what is rather strange, was sometimes read in the churches. It contains nothing of any value, either historically or theologically, except that one or two extracts have been produced from it in support of the divinity of our Saviour. There is one passage in it which has been adduced by Blondell as a testimony in favor of Presbyterianism, and by Hammond in favor of Prelacy; while it is very plain, I think, that Hermas’ words really give no support to either side, and that both these eminent men, in attempting to derive from it some support to their opposite views, on the subject of church government, were unduly influenced by a spirit of partisanship.
 Blondelli, Apol., p. 17; Hammond, Diasert., p. 284.