Part 4
Chapter 2—Of Redemption

Section 30—Gaudentius Brixiensis. A.D. 390.

Gaudentius was made bishop of Brixia, a city of Venice, about A.D. 390, and died after A.D. 407.[1] There are some tracts of his remaining in which are several passages relating to the subject of redemption. In one place he says,[2] "We ought, according to the command of God, first to mortify the lusts of the flesh, and so receive the body of Christ, qui pro nobis servientibus in AEgypto est immolatus,who is sacrificed for us that serve in Egypt." And elsewhere,[3] "They (the Jews) not only would not receive him, but they crucified him, who therefore notwithstanding bore up the body that was assumed to die, that by rising again, through his own power, he might both show the omnipotence of his majesty; and that by removing and conquering death, vitam credentibus redderet,‘he might restore life to them that believe,' and condemn the complete wickedness of the crucifiers." And in another place,[4] having mentioned Philippians 2:8, he adds, "By a spontaneous humility, with the Father's will he (Christ) voluntarily bore the Cross, ut mors ejus fieret vita credentibus,that his death might become life to them that believe." And elsewhere,[5] on John 12:32, he has this note, "To wit, that being lifted up on the cross, omne seculum ad suam fidem vocaturas esset,‘he might call every age to faith in himself;' but that he says, twill draw crania, all things to myself, and not omnes, all men:by this, I think," says he, "signified quod omnia creaturarum genera,‘that all kinds of creatures,' which were either sacrificed or dedicated to idols, Christ promised should be restored to his blessing, and consecrated to his name." Monsieur Daille cites[6] two passages from this writer, in the first of which Gaudentius says, that Christ took the flesh of righteous men and sinners of the Virgin, and a body not only of the patriarch and prophets, sed ex totius generis humani massa, "but of the mass of all mankind" which is very true, Christ's human nature being of the same common lump and mass with, and like to that of others, sin only excepted. But then this writer does not say, that Christ suffered in the flesh, and offered up this body for the whole lump and mass of mankind, and all the individuals of it. True it is, that in the other passage he observes, that Christ died, pro totius mundi peccatis,"for the sins of the whole world;" which is no other than the phrase used by the apostle (John 2:2), to which he doubtless refers, which he understands of Gentiles in distinction from Jews, and is the plain and obvious meaning of the apostle. With much more pertinency might be alleged another passage of this writer in favor of particular redemption, where he says,[7] "Let us study to love Christ in the poor, who in all respects loved us; and who, as a good shepherd, laid down his life pro ovibus suis,‘for his own sheep;' not only for the sheep, but for his own sheep."


[1] Vide Dallaei Apolog. p. 808.

[2] Gaudent. de Exodo, tract. 2, p. 46.

[3] Ibid. tract. 7, p. 57.

[4] Ibid. Resp. ad Paul. Diacon. tract 19, p. 101.

[5] Ibid. tract. 12, in John 12:32, p. 78.

[6] Apolog. p. 808.

[7] Gandent. de Natali Domini, tract. 13, p. 81.