Part 4
Chapter 4—Of Efficacious  Grace

Section 17—Hilarius Diaconus. A.D. 380.

Hilary the Deacon, or the author of the Commentaries on Paul's Epistles, which are among the works of Ambrose, ascribes regeneration to the grace and power of God. Man, he says,[1] is the work of God by creation; and he is again the work of God, dum reformatur per regenerationem, whilst he is remade by regeneration. And in another place he says,[2] That good thing which seems to flourish in Christians, arises from the root of divine grace; for God of his mercy saves us by Christ, by whose grace being regenerated, we receive the Holy Ghost abundantly; that we may endeavor after good works, he helping us in all, that through these we may attain to the inheritance of the kingdom of heaven; wherefore with all devotion we ought to obey him, and comply with his commands; quia quicquid in nobis pulchrum est, because whatsoever is beautiful in us, he paints with spiritual lineaments. Again, he observes,[3] that it is manifest, that grace is the Gift of God; not a reward due to works, but is granted in a free way, mercy intervening. In particular, he says,[4] Faith is the gift of God's mercy, that those who are made guilty by the law may obtain pardon, wherefore, faith works joy. And in another place,[5] The grace of faith is given that believers may be saved. True it is, because all thanksgiving for our salvation is to be referred to God, who gives his mercy to us, that he might call back wanderers to life, and those who do not seek the true way; wherefore we must not glory in ourselves, but in God, who hath regenerated us in the heavenly birth, through the faith of Christ. And upon those words, no man speaking by the Spirit of God calls Jesus accursed, he makes this observation,[6] Whatsoever truth is said by any one, a Spiritu Sancto dicitur, is said by the Holy Ghost.


[1] In Epist. Romans p. 326.

[2] In Tit. p. 606.

[3] In Romans p. 309.

[4] In Romans p. 263.

[5] In Ephesians p. 496.

[6] In 1 Corinthians p. 387.